# The best Wolfram Physics articles

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Looking for the best articles on Wolfram Physics? Here’s a list of the best Wolfram Physics writing from around the web, including the best of Stephen Wolfram’s many articles, the best of Jonathan Gorard’s important papers, and, of course, the best of The Last Theory articles.

## Stephen Wolfram articles

Stephen Wolfram writes an incredible number of articles, full of brilliant insights.

The Wolfram Physics Project:

- Finally We May Have a Path to the Fundamental Theory of Physics... and It’s Beautiful
- A Class of Models with the Potential to Represent Fundamental Physics

History of Wolfram Physics:

- How We Got Here: The Backstory of the Wolfram Physics Project
- Twenty Years Later: The Surprising Greater Implications of A New Kind of Science
- The Making of A New Kind of Science

The Ruliad:

- The Concept of the Ruliad
- Charting a Course for Complexity: Metamodeling, Ruliology and More
- Exploring Rulial Space: The Case of Turing Machines

Multicomputation:

- Multicomputation: A Fourth Paradigm for Theoretical Science
- Multicomputation with Numbers: The Case of Simple Multiway Systems
- Multiway Turing Machines

Other advanced topics in Wolfram Physics:

Philosophical implications of Wolfram Physics:

- Why Does the Universe Exist? Some Perspectives from Our Physics Project
- What Is Consciousness? Some New Perspectives from Our Physics Project
- Observer Theory

Updates on The Wolfram Physics Project:

- The Wolfram Physics Project: A One-Year Update
- The Wolfram Physics Project: A Gallery of the First Year
- The Wolfram Physics Project: The First Two Weeks

## Jonathan Gorard articles

Jonathan’s groundbreaking papers deriving General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics from the hypergraph:

- Some Relativistic and Gravitational Properties of the Wolfram Model; also published in Complex Systems
- Some Quantum Mechanical Properties of the Wolfram Model

Other papers from Jonathan:

- Hypergraph Discretization of the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity via Wolfram Model Evolution
- A Functorial Perspective on (Multi)computational Irreducibility
- Axiomatic Quantum Field Theory in Discrete Spacetime via Multiway Causal Structure: The Case of Entanglement Entropies – with Julia Dannemann-Freitag
- Non-Vacuum Solutions, Gravitational Collapse and Discrete Singularity Theorems in Wolfram Model Systems
- Algorithmic Causal Sets and the Wolfram Model
- Pregeometric Spaces from Wolfram Model Rewriting Systems as Homotopy Types – with Xerxes D. Arsiwalla
- ZX-Calculus and Extended Hypergraph Rewriting Systems I: A Multiway Approach to Categorical Quantum Information Theory – with Manojna Namuduri and Xerxes D. Arsiwalla
- ZX-Calculus and Extended Wolfram Model Systems II: Fast Diagrammatic Reasoning with an Application to Quantum Circuit Simplification – with Manojna Namuduri and Xerxes D. Arsiwalla

## The Last Theory articles

The Last Theory is my easy-to-follow exploration of Wolfram Physics. I keep my articles short, and include plenty of hypergraphs and other illustrations to make them the gentlest possible introduction to these complex ideas.

What is Wolfram Physics?

- Why I’m writing about Wolfram Physics
- Why you’ve never heard of Wolfram Physics
- Is Wolfram Physics the next scientific revolution?

Nodes, edges, graphs & rules: the basic concepts of Wolfram Physics:

- Nodes, edges, graphs & rules: the basic concepts of Wolfram Physics
- Different rules, different universes
- Where to apply Wolfram’s rules?

Hypergraphs in Wolfram Physics:

- What is a hypergraph in Wolfram Physics?
- Unary, binary, ternary, k‑ary: hyperedges in Wolfram Physics
- Hypergraphs are everywhere
- What is the Big Bang in Wolfram’s universe?
- Loops and self-loops in the hypergraph
- How to knit the universe

The multiway graph:

Space in Wolfram Physics:

- What is space? the where and the how far
- The expanse: dimension, separation & explosion
- How to measure the dimensionality of the universe
- Are Wolfram’s graphs three‑dimensional?
- What are dimensions in Wolfram’s universe?
- Is space continuous or discrete?
- Space‑time is dead
- How to tell if space is curved
- How to measure the curvature of space

Particles in Wolfram Physics:

- What is a particle in Wolfram’s universe? 18 minutes

Philosophy of physics:

- What is physics? the how and the why
- Where’s the computer that runs the universe?
- Beware invisible things
- How big is the computer that runs the universe?
- Why I don’t like String Theory
- What’s beyond the universe?
- Why scientific theories need not make predictions

Sociology of physics:

- Why has there been no progress in physics since 1973?
- John von Neumann and the art of being there
- Peer review is suffocating science

Stephen Wolfram:

Updates on The Last Theory:

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